(Universum Film A.G.)
   premier German film* company during the Re-public. Around 1910 three luxurious cinemas were built in Berlin*: the Theater im Admiralspalast, the Kammerspiele am Potsdamer Platz, and the Kammer-spiele am Nollendorfplatz. Equipped with orchestra pits and loge seating, they soon merged as the Union Theater Gesellschaft. By 1914 Union had grown to nine cinemas, including buildings on Unter den Linden and Kurfürstendamm. During the war Erich Ludendorff* founded a film office (the Bild- und Filmamt or Bufa), which, in turn, formed a relationship with Union. By 1917 a production firm emerged from the venture, Universum Film A.G. UFA's task was to produce quality propaganda to inspire both troops and home-front audiences.
   With support from Deutsche Bank, not only did UFA survive defeat, but the "Ufa" sign soon appeared above cinema names in every major German city; indeed, to overcome postwar hostility to German productions, it acquired cin-emas in much of Europe. While it was not the Republic's only film company (competitors included Emelka, AAFA, Süd-Film, and Phoebus), UFA was the largest and best known, and every significant actor and director worked for it at some time. Producing news and sports programs, it became part of German cultural life. By the mid-1920s, with the spacious Ufa-Palast am Zoo as its premier cinema, UFA was an umbrella group for several smaller production firms (Sascha-Film, Nordisk, and Decla-Bioscop). Its Neubabelsberg studios, acquired when Decla-Bioscop merged with UFA in 1921, generated numerous outstanding films, including Dr. Mabuse (1922), Faust (1926), Metropolis (1927), and The Blue Angel (1930). UFA also fed a demand for history with Madame du Barry (1919), Anna Boleyn (1920), Danton (1921), and Fridericus Rex (1922).
   The post-1923 decline of Germany's film industry, a result of Hollywood's ascent and the tight economic policies following Germany's inflation,* severely damaged UFA. No longer able to afford feature-length extravaganzas, it focused on low-budget short subjects and documentaries (Kulturfilme). Rescued in 1925 by Hollywood's Paramount and Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer, it made some of its best films in the next two years (e.g., Faust and Metropolis). But in 1927, again nearing collapse, it was purchased by Alfred Hugenberg,* the right-wing owner of Deulig (Deutsche Lichtbildgesellschaft) and Scherl Verlag, and soon chairman of the DNVP. Although Hugenberg rarely intruded in production, he ensured that UFA's newsreels (about four-fifths of all newsreels made in Germany) were markedly nationalistic. Under Hugenberg UFA-Deulig abstained from the ex-perimentation that had marked its early life. By 1931 it was drawn to themes of war and patriotism; indeed, when the NSDAP "synchronized" UFA in 1933, Goebbels* found it ready-made for Nazi propaganda. In 1946 the Neubabelsberg studios, situated in Soviet-held territory, were renamed Deutsche Film A.G. (DEFA).
   REFERENCES:Kiaulehn, Berlin; Kracauer, From Caligari to Hitler; Kreimeier, Ufa Story; Manvell and Fraenkel, German Cinema; Saunders, Hollywood in Berlin.

A Historical dictionary of Germany's Weimar Republic, 1918-1933. .

Look at other dictionaries:

  • UFA — Film TV Produktion GmbH Rechtsform GmbH Gründung 18. Dezember 1917 Sitz …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • UfA — ist der Name einer Stadt in Russland, siehe Ufa (Stadt) eines Nebenflusses der Belaja, siehe Ufa (Fluss) UFA steht als Abkürzung für Flughafen Ufa in Russland als IATA Code Universum Film (UFA), ein deutsches Filmunternehmen United Farmers of… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • UFA AG — Rechtsform Aktiengesellschaft Gründung 1998 (Fusion) Sitz Herzogenbuchsee, Schweiz Leitung Wendelin Strebel (CEO) Eugen Brühlmeier (VR …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Ufa — ist der Name von: Ufa (Fluss), ein Nebenfluss der Belaja Ufa (Stadt), die Hauptstadt der Republik Baschkortostan in der Russischen Föderation UFA steht als Abkürzung für: Federation of Uganda Football Associations, der Fußballverband Ugandas UFA …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Ufa — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Ufa puede referirse a: UFA, principal estudio de cine alemán durante la República de Weimar y el Tercer Reich. Ufá, ciudad rusa, capital de la República de Bashkortostán. Ufá, río de Rusia. ufa, expresión de… …   Wikipedia Español

  • UFA — or Ufa may refer to:*Ufa, a city in Russia *Ufa River, on which it stands *Ufa, a town in Ethiopia *Uniform Firearms Act, a set of laws in the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania *Uniformed Firefighters Association, the union of the Fire Department of… …   Wikipedia

  • UFA — puede referirse a: UFA, principal estudio de cine alemán durante la República de Weimar y el Tercer Reich. Aeropuerto de Ufá (Rusia), en su código IATA. Ufá, ciudad rusa, capital de la República de Bashkortostán. Ufá, río de Rusia …   Wikipedia Español

  • UFA — Universum Film AG Год основания 1917 Расположение Берлин …   Википедия

  • UFA — UFA, capital of Bashkortostan, Russia. Under the czars, Ufa was beyond the pale of settlement . Its Jewish community was established by veteran Jewish soldiers. In 1855 a synagogue was built. In 1897 the Jews in Ufa numbered 376 (0.8% of the… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Ufa — Ufa, 1) Kreis im russischen Gouvernement Orenburg, mehr als 200,000 Ew.; 2) Hauptstadt desselben u. des Gouvernements, Sitz der obersten Behörden, eines griechischen Erzbischofs, eines tatarischen Mufti, hat Festung, 2 Kirchen, Moscheen u.… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Ufá [1] — Ufá, ein Gouvernement Ostrußlands, grenzt im N. an die Gouvernements Perm und Wjatka, im W. an Kasan, im S. und SW. an Samara, im S. und SO. an Orenburg, von dem es durch den Hauptrücken des südlichen Urals geschieden wird, und umfaßt 122,018,1… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.